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  • Writer's picturePablo Janer

Orthodontics 101: A Comprehensive Guide to Straightening Teeth

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on correcting misaligned teeth and jaws. Misaligned teeth and jaws can not only affect the appearance of your smile, but they can also lead to oral health problems such as tooth decay, gum disease, and difficulty chewing. Orthodontic treatment can help to straighten teeth and correct bite problems, improving the appearance of your smile and overall oral health. Here is an overview of orthodontics and the various treatment options available:

1. Types of orthodontic treatment: There are several different types of orthodontic treatment available, including traditional braces, clear aligners, and functional appliances. Traditional braces use metal brackets and wires to slowly move the teeth into their proper position. Clear aligners, such as Invisalign, are a series of clear, removable trays that gradually move the teeth into place. Functional appliances, such as a palate expander or Herbst appliance, are used to correct bite problems by altering the shape of the jaw.

2. How orthodontic treatment works: Orthodontic treatment works by applying gentle, continuous pressure to the teeth and jaw. This pressure slowly moves the teeth into their proper position over time. Orthodontic treatment can take several months to several years, depending on the complexity of the case and the type of treatment being used.

3. Balanced dental occlusion refers to a proper alignment of the teeth when the upper and lower teeth come together (occlude) during biting and chewing. When the teeth are properly aligned, the forces placed on the teeth during biting and chewing are evenly distributed, which can help to prevent problems such as tooth wear, tooth fractures, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. Some benefits of balanced dental occlusion include:

  1. Improved oral health: Properly aligned teeth are easier to clean and maintain, which can help to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

  2. Enhanced appearance: Straight teeth can improve the appearance of your smile and boost your self-esteem.

  3. Improved function: Balanced dental occlusion can help to improve your ability to bite, chew, and speak properly.

  4. Reduced risk of dental problems: Misaligned teeth can place excessive forces on certain teeth, leading to problems such as tooth wear, tooth fractures, and TMJ disorders. Balanced dental occlusion helps to evenly distribute these forces and reduce the risk of these problems.

  5. Enhanced overall health: Properly aligned teeth can improve your overall health by making it easier to chew and digest food properly.

By working with a Dentist or Orthodontist to achieve balanced dental occlusion, you can enjoy the many benefits of straight teeth and a properly aligned bite. Don't let misaligned teeth or bite problems hold you back – seek the help to determine the best treatment options for your needs.

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